Wednesday, August 8 : Miercoles, 8 de Agosto
Buenos Dias ,
We have had several requests for some clarification on certain verbs, so I am going to take the time in this letter to explain three of them that are commonly confused.
Preguntar vs. Pedir
Preguntar means to ask a question or ask for information. Always use a person as the object for this verb, since you can only ask people for information. This verb always takes an indirect object pronoun because we “ask of someone”.
Necesito preguntarle a mi esposo. = I need to ask my husband.
Le pregunté a José. = I asked Jose.
Él me preguntó. = He asked me.
Pedir means to ask for something. It comes from petition. Always request something with this verb. This verb always takes a direct object pronoun because we “ask for something”.
Necesito pedir la cuenta. = I need to ask for the bill.
Pedí el postre. = I asked for the dessert.
Ya pedí. = I already ordered.
Preguntar = To ask someone.
Pedir = To request something.
Conocer vs. Saber
Conocer means to know or be acquainted with a person or a place. It can also translate as to meet someone.
Conozco a José. = I know Jose.
Conocí a José el año pasado. = I met Jose last year.
Mucho gusto en conocerle. = Much pleasure in meeting you. (The le here is a use of leismo.)
Saber means to know information. It can also translate as to find out something.
Yo no sé. = I don´t know.
Sé la dirección. = I know the address.
Supe anoche. = I found out last night.
Necesito saber la verdad. = I need to know the truth.
Conocer = to know or be acquanted with a person or place or to meet someone.
Saber = to know or find our information.
Salir vs. Dejar
Salir means to leave or go out.
Necesito salir mañana. = I need to leave tomorrow.
María sale con José. = Maria goes out with Jose.
José salió ayer. = Jose left yesterday.
Dejar means to leave something or someone behind or to quit something.
Necesito dejar me maleta aquí. = I need to leave my suitcase here.
Dejé mi niño en la escuela. = I left my child at the school.
Dejé mi departamento. = I vacated my apartment.
Dejé mi trabajo. = I quit my job.
Dejar de = to quit an activity. The “de” is always followed by an infinitive and the infinitive will translate as “ing.”
Dejé de fumar. = I quit smoking.
Salir = to leave or go out.
Dejar = to leave something or someone behind or quit doing something.
Salud y abrazos,
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